Монтирование дисков в rescue режиме

Вводим: fdisk -l получаем список дисков, если SATA диск:

Disk /dev/sda: 279.5 GiB, 300069052416 bytes, 586072368 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x4b4115e6

Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sda1  *         4096 581873663 581869568 277.5G fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sda2       581873664 586065919   4192256     2G 82 Linux swap / Solaris

Disk /dev/sdb: 279.5 GiB, 300069052416 bytes, 586072368 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x009ee192

Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1  *         4096 581873663 581869568 277.5G fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sdb2       581873664 586065919   4192256     2G 82 Linux swap / Solaris

Disk /dev/md1: 277.5 GiB, 297917153280 bytes, 581869440 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Для NVME дисков команда такая же, но здесь нюанс что название диска пишет в самом низу:

Disk /dev/ram0: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram1: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram2: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram3: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram4: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram5: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram6: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram7: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram8: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram9: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram10: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram11: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram12: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram13: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram14: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram15: 50 MiB, 52428800 bytes, 102400 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/nvme1n1: 419.2 GiB, 450098159616 bytes, 879097968 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 3D53EB4E-01DC-4DD4-8572-2F7BE4F74207

Device             Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/nvme1n1p1      2048   1048575   1046528   511M EFI System
/dev/nvme1n1p2   1048576 878041087 876992512 418.2G Linux RAID
/dev/nvme1n1p3 878041088 879087615   1046528   511M Linux swap

Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 419.2 GiB, 450098159616 bytes, 879097968 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 0254E16B-B412-445D-9EFD-1B1BE0A7F034

Device             Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/nvme0n1p1      2048   1048575   1046528   511M EFI System
/dev/nvme0n1p2   1048576 878041087 876992512 418.2G Linux RAID
/dev/nvme0n1p3 878041088 879087615   1046528   511M Linux swap

Disk /dev/md2: 418.2 GiB, 449020100608 bytes, 876992384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Для SATA диска название: Disk /dev/md1: 277.5 GiB, 297917153280 bytes, 581869440 sectors
Для NVME диска название в самом конце: Disk /dev/md2: 418.2 GiB, 449020100608 bytes, 876992384 sectors

Для примера по первому серверу, для второго будет аналогично просто другое название диска.

Диск у нас /dev/md1 значит будем его монтировать.

Монтировать диск можно в любую папку. Я для примера создал папку: mkdir /home/disk1.

Монтируем диск в папку:

mount /dev/md1 /home/disk1

После работ с диском, надо его размонтировать, для этого есть команда:

umount /home/disk1

FAQ:

— Если вам надо перекачать файлы по SFTP, то все файлы ОС находятся в папке /home/disk1.
— Чтобы зайти по root через консоль на монтированный диск пишем команду:
chroot /home/disk1